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Ulianov M. Yu. (MSU)
Thesises

The special features of foreign states descriptions in Zhao Rugua's Zhu fan zhi 1225. (Some aspects of the database analysis)


0.0. Database composing and applying of quantitative methods allows scholars to study any written source's whole text. Analytical investigation of Zhao Rugua's Zhu fan zhi supposed two consecutive stage: 1. Preparative (the detection of the structure) and 2. Analytical (the quantitative analysis of all the structures elements).


0.1. On the preparative stage were detected the following levels of the structure: 1) on macrolevel the location of countries; 2) on middle level five different by their themes and arranged in certain order parts of the descriptions jf each country; these parts were further called structural groups (SG: the description of geographical location SG1; political and cultural realities SG2; list of goods SG3; international relations SG4; poutes between to neubouring countries SG5); 3) on microlevel the phrases of one country's description.


0.2. On the analytical stage investigation was conducted by database composing which conteins the tables of two groups: general (for all text) and basic (for separate structural groups). All of them were composed in designated specially for the analysis of tables Microsoft EXEL. For the solution of private tasks within of each two groups tables, graphs, charts, diagrams and etc. were composed
1.0. We shall acquaint reader with some results of that tables analysis and with some regularities of the structural groups correlations.


1.1. The presence of regularities common for all countries' descriptions (for example, realization of SG and correlations within them) in the source confirmed Zhu fan zhi's authenticity its separate parts were created during one time and by one person.


1.2. The presence of some common features in SG correlations acknowledged the correct devision of the countries into regions. That means the presence regional view of the world in China in XIII c.
1.3. The comparison of the formal features (volumes, SG correlations and ect.) with the real ones showed high realism of the text. For example, referring to the SEA countries regions (I Indochina, II empire of Shrivijaya and III Jawanese world) the author payed particular attention to their geographical location (SG1). It can be explained by the fact that the Chenese were very well acquainted with the countries of that very regions (the nearest to China). The far from China, the less is the volume of SG1. The countries with heigh SG1 are the important points on sea ways and they are also the Chenese real (as Shrivijaya, Kedir) or potential (as Daiviet) commercial partniers.


1.4. The presence of likeness between formal features in the descriptions of the countries of the various parts of the world showes that author's priorities were connected with the concrete tasks of the countries descriptions. Similar for some essential attributes countries were described according the same textological rules, i.e. describing similar countries the author responds to the similar questions.


1.5. While moving away from China, we can see no any tendencies of the signs change. Thus the factor of remoteness almost does not play any important role in the source. For example, no matter how far the countries of the region VI were, there are those ones among them which caused pragmatic interest and were essential for description of the world.


1.6. The difference in descriptions of the countries is connected with volumes of their texts, with their political and economic status and, possible, with geographic location. That means that the volume and the status of the country are interrelated phenomenons.


1.7. All countries have a description of their political and cultural realities (SG2). The growth SG2 results in the fall of volume (or even absence) of description significant SG1 and SG4.


1.8. The increased volume of any SG means its priority of this country. For example, the prevailed SG3 over SG1 and SG4 in Shrivijaya's description speaks of commercial priority in her perception in China. As to availability SG3 are distinguished regions II (the empire of Shrivijaya), VI (India and Bizantine), VIII (the north part of the Malay world). Unevenness SG3 in the descriptions of region I (Indochina) showed up that commercial interests there were not so high.


1.9. Realisation of only two SG gives special position to the country in among the priorities of the author and his informarers. As a rule, the vassals of other countries or that countries which interested Zhao Rugua with a limited number of the signs (for example, Pagan, Mekka) were described in this way.


 
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